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John Deere 1890: good for no-till and then some

2018.02.06

Numerous enterprises have recently adopted no-till alongside conventional cultivation and mini-till. Some are transferring to no-till altogether.

By Aleksandr KUTISHCHEV

The 1890 air seed drill is an efficient seeding tool from the lineup of sowing combinations by John Deere, which has proved indispensable on many farms. While the reliability and ergonomics of the globally renowned machinery brand is established, its technical features are noteworthy.

‘The seeding tool comes in five configurations’, says Eduard Ivanov, Head of Sales Department of EkoNiva-Chernozemye. ‘It is available in widths from 9.1 up to 18.3 m. Although the model has been designed first and for most for high-residue fields, its functionality extends far beyond that.’

The seed drill features the John Deere 90 Series openers with 5 cm of float in the opener system, thus ensuring ground contour following without extra down-pressure. When combined with the exclusive active hydraulic downforce, you’ll get accurate depth control and all-till capability.

‘With the help of the system, we can set the downforce to 180 kg’, adds Eduard Ivanov. ‘And the use of a one-piece seedboot, which is spring-loaded against the disc blade, ensures accurate seed placement.’

​Besides, it is equipped with clogging sensors which monitor the state of each seed tube, passing the information onto the display, and alert in case there is a need for a cleanout.

​Another advantage of the John Deere 1890 seed drill is its flexibility: the implement easily and quickly folds to a compact size for convenient transport from one site to another.

‘Last autumn, a demo show of the machine took place on the premises of our enterprise’, says Andrey Zadorozhniy, Head of the Crop Production project of AGROEKO-Yug (Voronezh oblast). ‘We were quite impressed with the performance: the sowing quality and the emergence exceeded our expectations.’

Currently, mini-till practices are in place on the farm, with the prospect of switching over to no-till. The management is planning to purchase the John Deere 1890 seed drill this year.

‘We are using the John Deere 1890 with a working width of 12.3 m’, says Aleksandr Pechorkin, Head of the Pechorkin family farm (Kemerovo oblast). ‘The implement has been in operation since 2011, and we’ve had no issues with it as yet. We sow peas, wheat, canola and barley employing no-till technique. Last growing season, around 3,400 ha was under no-till.’

In CJSC Druzhba (Voronezh oblast), the same model of seed drill with a working width of 9 m is being used following deep soil tillage for the fourth year.

‘I know for a fact that the implement is virtually indestructible’, says Valentin Babkin, Chief Engineer. ‘Over the growing season, we sow around 4,000 ha with it, mainly wheat and barley. We’ve never had any serious breakdowns, the equipment is very reliable. Routine maintenance is scheduled for this year, yet there is no need to replace any of the hardware, whether coulters, bearings or other parts.’

There are a lot of factors influencing the harvest, yet it is probably the sowing stage that is crucial. Whatever the farming technique, the John Deere 1890 sowing unit won’t let growers down.